Treść głównego artykułu


This paper illustrates the setting up and the delivery of a Service-learning module at King’s College London during the Academic Year 2020-21, whereby postgraduate students engaged with a local community of older adults. Students and community partners were conceived as active co-creators of knowledge. Students were exposed to a theoretical input grounded on Positive Psychology, Intercultural Studies, Language & Intercultural Awareness, as well as qualitative methodologies focusing on Narrative and Auto-biographical research, while interacting with the older adults though telephone conversations. The module was delivered in the context of Covid-19, imposing a reshaping of its original format, allowing space for bio-digital encounters and for unexpected intra-actions to emerge. The module’s assessment included a self-reflective E-Portfolio and a Digital Project, where students represented their own voices and the stories of the older adults they engaged with. The paper concludes with a reflection on the value of transformative learning for all project participants, within and outside the academic context and argues for the vale of intergenerational encounters to tackle contemporary social issues, such as loneliness and mental health problems.

Słowa kluczowe

service-learning intergenerational methodology intercultural methodology narrative methodology

Szczegóły artykułu

Jak cytować
Puntil, D., Dias, G., Kralj, C., & Zunszain, P. A. (2022). Intergenerational Encounters: a Service-Learning Module for Postgraduate Students. Teraźniejszość – Człowiek – Edukacja, 24(1(91), 35-53.


  1. Adams, T. E., Holman Jones, S., & Ellis, C. (2015). Autoethnography: Understanding qualitative
  2. research. Oxford University Press.
  3. Allen J.O. (2016). Ageism as a risk factor for chronic disease. Gerontologist, 56(4):610–614.
  4. Aramburuzabala, P., MacIlrath, L., & Opazo, H. (2019). Embedding service-learning in higher education: Developing a culture of civic engagement in Europe. Routledge.
  5. Barad, K. (2007). Meeting the universe halfway: Quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and
  6. meaning. Duke University Press.
  7. Bateson, N. (2016). Small arcs of larger circles: Framing through other patterns. Triarchy Press.
  8. Battistoni, R. M., Longo, N. V., & Jayanandhan, S. R. (2009). Acting locally in a flat world: Global citizenship and the democratic practice of service-learning. Journal of higher education outreach and engagement, 13(2), 89-108.
  9. Bennet, J., (2010). Vibrant matter, A political ecology of things. Duke University Press.
  10. Braidotti, R. (2011). Nomadic theory. The portable Rosi Braidotti. Columbia University Press.
  11. Bringle, R. G., & Clayton, P. H. (2012). Civic education through service-learning: What, how, and why? In L. McIlrath, A. Lyons, & R. Munck (Eds.), Higher education and civic engagement: Comparative perspectives (pp. 101-124). Palgrave.
  12. Bringle, R. G., & Hatcher, J. A. (2000). Institutionalization of service learning in higher education.
  13. The journal of higher education, 71, 273–290.
  14. Bringle, R. G., Clayton, P. H., & Bringle, K. E. (2015). Teaching democratic thinking is not enough:
  15. The case for democratic action. Partnerships: A journal of service learning & civic engagement,
  16. 6(1), 1-26.
  17. Bringle, R. G., Games, R., & Malloy, E. A. (1999). Colleges and universities as citizens. Allyn & Bacon.
  18. Bringle, R. G., Hahn, T. W., & Hatcher, J. A. (2019). Civic-minded graduate: Additional evidence II. International journal of research on service-learning and community engagement, 7(1), Article 3.
  19. Britzman, D. (2009). The very thought of education: Psychoanalysis and the impossible profession. State University of New York Press.
  20. Burnes, D., Sheppard, C., Henderson, C. R., Jr, Wassel, M., Cope, R., Barber, C., & Pillemer, K. (2019). Interventions to reduce ageism against older adults: A systematic review and metaanalysis. American journal of public health, 109(8), e1–e9.
  21. Byram, M., Nichols, A., & Stevens, D. (2001) Developing intercultural competence in practice. Multilingual Matters.
  22. Bytheway, B. (2005). Ageism and Age Categorization. Journal Of Social Issues, 61(2), 361-374
  23. Cacioppo, J. T., & Cacioppo, S. (2018). The growing problem of loneliness. The lancet, 391(10119), 426.
  24. Compagnucci, L., & Spigarelli, F. (2020). The third mission of the university: A systematic literature review on potentials and constraints. Technological forecasting and social change, 161, 120284.
  25. Ferri, G. (2020). Difference, becoming and rhizomatic subjectivities beyond ‘otherness’: A posthuman framework for intercultural communication. Language and intercultural communication, 20(5), 408–418.
  26. Freire, P. (1998) Pedagogy of freedom: Ethics, democracy and civil courage. Rowman & Littlefield.
  27. Furco, A., & Norvell, K. (2019). What is service learning? Making sense of the pedagogy and practice. In P. Aramburuzabala, L. McIlrath & H. Opazo (Eds.), Embedding service learning in European higher education: Developing a culture of civic engagement (pp. 13-35). Routledge.
  28. Gable, S. L., & Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology? Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 103-110.
  29. Gardner, P., & Alegre, R., (2019). “Just like us”: Increasing awareness, prompting action and combating ageism through a critical intergenerational service-learning project. Educational gerontology, 1-13.
  30. Gruenwald, O. (2014). The promise of interdisciplinary studies: Re-imagining the university. Journal of interdisciplinary studies, 26, 1-2, 1-28.
  31. Hefferon, K., & Boniwell, I. (2011). Positive psychology: Theory, research and applications. McGrawHill Education.
  32. Ho, H. C., Yeung, D. Y., & Kwok, S. Y. (2014). Development and evaluation of the positive psychology intervention for older adults. The journal of positive psychology, 9(3), 187-197.
  33. Hollway, W., & Jefferson, T. (2013). Doing qualitative research differently: A psycho-social approach. Sage.
  34. Hood, B., Jelbert, S., & Santos, L. R. (2021). Benefits of a psychoeducational happiness course on university student mental well-being both before and during a COVID-19 lockdown. Health psychology open, 8(1), 2055102921999291.
  35. hooks, b. (2012). Teaching to transgress: Education as the practice of freedom. Routledge.
  36. hooks, b. (2009). Belonging. A culture of place. Routledge.
  37. Jandrić, P., & McLaren, P. (2021). Critical intellectuals in postdigital times. Policy futures in education; Volume 19(6), 626–639.
  38. Jeffrey, D., & Downie, R. (2016). Empathy – Can it be Taught? Journal of the royal college of physicians of Edinburgh, 46(2), 107–112.
  39. Lee, O. E. K., & Kim, D. H. (2017). Intergenerational forum to enhance students’ engagement and learning outcomes: A community-based participatory research study. Journal of intergenerational relationships, 15(3), 241-257.
  40. Levy BR, Slade MD, Kunkel SR, Kasl SV. (2002). Longevity increased by positive self-perceptions of aging. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2002 Aug;83(2):261–70. pmid: 12150226
  41. Ma, C. H.-K., Chan, C. W., & Chan, A. C. (2016). The long-term impact of service-learning on graduates’ civic engagement and career exploration in Hong Kong. Journal of higher education outreach and engagement, 20(4), 37-56.
  42. Ma, H. K. C. & Chan, C. M. A. (2013). A Hong Kong university first: Establishing service learning as an academic credit-bearing subject. Gateways: International journal of community research and engagement, 6, 178-198.
  43. Martin, J. N., & Nakayama, T. K. (2018). Intercultural communication in contexts. McGraw-Hill Education.
  44. Meijs, L. C. P. M., Maas, S. A., & Aramburuzabala, P. (2019). Institutionalization of servicelearning in European higher education. In P. Aramburuzabala, L. McIlrath, & H. Opazo (Eds.).
  45. Embedding service learning in European higher education (213-229). Routledge.
  46. Merrill, B., & West, L. (2009). Using biographical methods in social research. Sage.
  47. Mezirow, J. (2000). Learning to think like an adult: Core concepts of transformation. Learning as transformation: Critical perspectives on a theory in progress. Jossey-Bass, 3-33.
  48. Piller, I. (2017) Intercultural communication: A critical introduction. Edinburgh University Press.
  49. Puig de la Bellacasa, M. (2017). Matters of care: Speculative ethics in more than human worlds. University of Minnesota Press.
  50. Seligman, M. E. (2012). Flourish: A visionary new understanding of happiness and well-being. Simon and Schuster.
  51. United Nations. (2015). Sustainable development goals. Retrieved from